Male S. fonscolombii can be mistaken for Crocothemis erythraea as both are very red dragonflies with yellow bases to the wings, red veins and pale pterostigma. However C. erythraea has no black on the legs, a broader body and no black on the head. Also C. erythraea females do not oviposit in tandem. The jizz of these two species is different and with some experience are easy to tell apart.
The order Raphidioptera has only two families, one of them Raphidiidae, and is common in Central and Northern Europe, but rare in Southern Europe. The species are difficult to identify. Were previously considered Neuroptera.
Picture: male (has not an ovopositor, evident in females). Must be an Atlantoraphidia maculicollis, ID to confirm.
The male has a pair of claspers at the end of its tail (for holding the female during mating), giving it a scorpion-like appearance, although it is not a stinger. Its head, mounted with large eyes, is drawn into a prominent, downward pointing beak (rostrum), which opens at the tip of its head.
Eruga de l'Esfinx de les lletereses (Hyles euphorbiae) (eruga)
cat: Esfinx de les lletereses; esp: Esfinge de las lechetreznas; eng: Spurge Hawk-moth Els Guiamets-Catalonia-Spain phylum: Arthropoda > (Unirramia) > Hexapoda > class: Insecta > (Pterygota) > (Neoptera) > Endopterygota > order: Lepidoptera > (Glossata) > (Heteroneura-Ditrysia-Bombycoidea) > family: Sphingidae
Moth called Spurge Hawk-moth, because caterpillar is associated and eats spurge plants. Quite rare actually. Caterpillar has the nicest designs of Iberian Peninsula caterpillars. Colour and design changes as you can see and read in http://tpittaway.tripod.com/sphinx/h_eup.htm.